4. How to ask for items


The literal answer is:

pedir

But to know if a place has something…

tener

Pulsa aquí para ver las traducciones y más

  1. pedir: to ask for, to order
  2. tener: to have
tener present

present conjugation


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Hacer una pregunta en español es bastante sencillo, no hay “do” ni “does”, sólo lo que quieres después.

Traducción

To ask a question in Spanish is quite simple, there is no “do” nor “does”, only what you want after

Ejemplos en español:

  • ¿Tienes sitio?
  • ¿Tienes algo caliente para beber?
  • ¿Tenéis una especialidad?
  • ¿Tenéis terraza?

Inglés

  • Do you have space/room?
  • Do you have something hot to drink?
  • Do you all have a specialty?
  • Do you all have a patio?

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¡Ábrelo!

Remember. Spanish is a phoenetic language so “tienes…” is pronounced: teeen-es while “tenéis” is ten-ACE...

Also, don’t forget in situations such as these, it’s quite common in Spanish to use a passive structure even though in English this sounds strange and out of place.

Case in point: “Hay que…” from the three “be’s”..

haber

 

…in the present tense: “Hay” (pronounced like: “eye” or “Aye, aye captain”) is also often a substitute for “tienes” (you have) or “tenéis” (you all have).

Mira aquí unos ejemplos:

  • ¿Hay sillas? (Are there seats?)
  • ¿Hay algo caliente para beber? (Is there something hot to drink?)
  • ¿Hay una especialidad? (Is there a speciality?)
  • ¿Hay mesas libres? (Are there free tables?)

What’s the difference between tener
& haber
?

 

Tienes…?” is more natural for English speakers because it’s a direct translation of how we’d communicate in such a situation. But to a Spaniard “tener” usually means physical possession and a waiter doesn’t have your food on him or her at the time of taking the order.

Hay…?”, therefore, is the more Spanish way to ask about food at restaurants (not markets). The good news is — you don’t have to worry about endings or different spellings.

  We present, you decide.

 

Finally, To ask about “the kind of” food or beverage available, using either “tener” or “haber“, start the question with:

 

¿Qué tipo de…?


Haz click aquí para ver unos ejemplos:

  • ¿Qué tipo de marisco tenéis? (What kind of seafood do you all have?)
  • ¿Qué tipo de orujo hay? (What kind of pomance brandy is there?)
  • ¿Qué tipo de quesos tiene usted? (What kind of cheeses do you have, sir?)
  • ¿Qué tipo de vinos hay aquí? (What kind of wines are there here?)

Take a moment to review the lesson


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Sugerencia de Paco. Cuando leas los juegos de preguntas (quizzes), cuenta cuántas veces aparecen “tener” y “haber“. Después, escúchalos cuando veas el vídeo que acompaña al cuestionario.

Tampoco olvides repasar sus conjugaciones, sobre todo el presente, y añadir los verbos nuevos a tus favoritos en nuestro App.


Traducción

When you read the quizzes, count how many times “tener” & “haber” appear. And then, listen for the two of them when you watch the video that accompanies the quiz.

Don’t forget to review their conjugations either, especially the present tense, and add the new verbs to your favorites on our App.

 

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